KyANA Virtual Pharmacology Spring Meeting - Saturday, March 9, 2024
8:00 am - 1:30 pm ET

Register Here for the Virtual Event 

AANA designates this program as meeting the criteria for up to 5.00 CE Credits in pharmacology/therapeutics.

Agenda Icon  KyANA Virtual Meeting Agenda

KyANA Virtual Pharmacology Spring Meeting | March 9, 2024

Saturday, March 9


Welcome & Opening Remarks
John Wellbrock, KyANA President

8:00 – 9:00

Anesthesia Pharmacology and Aging
Zohn Centimole, PhD,


  • Describe physiological changes in aging that affect anesthesia pharmacology
  • Explain why the elderly require lower doses of induction agents
  • Identify physiological changes that result in lower MAC requirements in the elderly
  • Select appropriate dosing strategies for induction agents in the elderly


9:00 – 10:00

Bigger Bang for the Block
Jennifer Harpe-Bates, DNAP, CRNA, FAANA


  • Review adjuvants to local anesthesia.
  • Discuss the pharmacology of local anesthesia adjuvants.
  • Review dosing strategies of adjuvants for blocks.
  • Weigh the benefits of adjuvants in local anesthesia.


10:00 – 11:00

Cannabis Chemistry and Anesthesia Mixology


  • Identify cannabis plant anatomy, chemistry, and stereochemistry
  • Describe cannabis pharmacodynamics within the endocannabinoid system
  • Understand the potential pharmacological effects of cannabis during the perioperative period


11:00 – 11:30


11:30 – 12:30

Pharmacologic & Non-pharmacologic Management of Children with Behavioral & Developmental Problems
Judith Tenhundfeld, DNAP, APRN-CRNA, MSN


  • Discuss how to use the Psychological Risk Assessment in Pediatrics (PRAP) tool and Adaptive Care Plan (ACP) in pediatric patients to identify and manage those at risk for severe risk for extreme emotional distress in the perioperative setting.
  • Explore common home medications currently in use to pharmacologically manage pediatric patients with developmental and behavioral problems.
  • Identify various pharmacologic interventions to manage pediatric patients with developmental and behavioral problems.
  • Distinguish between the various anxiolytic medications in order to identify the appropriate choice for pediatric patients at low, moderate, and high risk for perioperative emotional distress.


12:30 – 13:30

Dexmedetomidine: The Superior Choice for Emergence Cough Prevention?
Winifred Hwang, DNP, CRNA


  • Compare dexmedetomidine to opioids and local anesthetics for effectiveness in cough prevention.
  • Identify dosing and administration strategies of dexmedetomidine for emergence cough prevention.
  • Describe the effects of dexmedetomidine on patient recovery and PACU length of stay.



Closing Remarks
Jared Crocker, KyANA Vice President and Program Committee Co-Chair


Speaker Spotlight

Zohn Centimole, PhD, CRNA is the assistant director of the University of Louisville Nurse Anesthesia Track. The first nurse anesthesia program housed on a tertiary medical center campus, in the state of Kentucky. Dr. Centimole has over 18 years of Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) practice in the tertiary health care setting. His practice experience spans from outpatient remote anesthetics to major trauma resuscitation, as well as a large volume of complex cancer care. At the University of Louisville, he teaches pharmacology, chemistry and physics for nurse anesthetists. He has presented at national meetings and published in several perianesthesia journals. Keep an eye out for his next article contribution in the April edition of the AANA Journal.
His research interests include the effects of anesthesia on cognitive function. In his clinical trial from 2014-2017, he applied the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated battery-Mild Cognitive Impairment (CANTAB-MCI) computer-based system to the anesthesia population. He actively studies individualized, custom anesthesia, strategies to optimize patient outcomes in vulnerable individuals.

Jennifer Harpe-Bates, DNAP, CRNA, FAAN Dr. Harpe-Bates received a certificate of Nurse Anesthesia and a Master's in Health Sciences from the Medical University of South Carolina in 1992. She graduated with her Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice from the Medical University of South Carolina in 2019. In 2021 she received a certificate in Morpheus Perioperative Care from the Morpheus Consortium. Dr. Harpe-Bates is employed by the University of Louisville Nurse Anesthesia program as an Assistant Professor and Simulation Coordinator. Clinically she continues to work for Northstar Anesthesia in Louisville, KY as a CRNA. Dr. Harpe-Bates serves the community through her appointment as the CRNA seat on the Kentucky Board of Nursing.

Winifred Hwang, DNP, CRNA - is a recent graduate of Duke University and is currently a staff CRNA at Kaiser Permanente Santa Clara Medical Center in Santa Clara, CA. She has previously been a speaker at the 2023 AANA Annual Congress. Prior to becoming an RN and CRNA, she graduated with a B.A. in biology from Boston University and worked as a researcher at Brigham and Women's Hospital as well as Stanford University. Her experience in and passion for research carries over to her budding career as a CRNA today! Her primary interests are pharmacology, physiology, and education.

Daniel King, DNP, MNA, APRN, CRNA, CPPS, CNE - Dr. King is a practicing nurse anesthesiologist, owner of DreamLion Anesthesia, and an Associate Professor at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science in   Chicago, Illinois. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University of Southern Indiana, a Master of Nurse Anesthesia from the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science in Rochester, Minnesota, and a Doctor of Nursing Practice from The University of  Alabama, Tuscaloosa. He is also a Certified Professional in Patient Safety and a Certified Nurse Educator. Dr. King currently serves as Chair of Professional Practice at the American Association of Nurse Anesthesiology and as Director at the Illinois Association of Nurse Anesthesiology. Among primary research interests, Dr. King is a dedicated subject matter expert in cannabis implications for perioperative and critically ill patients and has also formally investigated the social stigmatization of cannabis use in healthcare. 


Judith Tenhundfeld, MSN, APRN-CRNA, DNAP - is a nurse anesthetist for the Department of Anesthesia at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Her clinical focus is pediatric anesthesia.

She also serves as the Nurse Anesthesia Program Director at Northern Kentucky University.